Hepic_Antony_Skarlatos's blog

By Hepic_Antony_Skarlatos, history, 3 years ago, In English,

What is the most efficient algorithm when the problem gives you a string of N length and asks you to answer in Q queries if the ith word of length M (where M is much lesser than N -> M << N) is contained into 'N length word' ?

Thanks in advance !

 
 
 
 
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3 years ago, # |
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Well, if M is really small, you can compute hash for all possible words of size <= M inside the string N. Then, just compute the hash for the ith word and check if the same hash was found inside the string N.

Edit: this would be O(n*m + q*m)

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3 years ago, # |
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You can compute the suffix array for the string of length N and then answer each query in O(M * logN), making the algorithm O(Q * M * logN). If M is small, it should run in time.

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    3 years ago, # ^ |
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    I just know a MlogN algorithm. How I will get that in O(M) ?

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      3 years ago, # ^ |
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      Yes, you're right. I fixed the typo. I'd need to know the actual constraints, but I guess this solution should be fast enough.

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      3 years ago, # ^ |
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      I think you can get O(M) per query using suffix automaton.

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        3 years ago, # ^ |
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        Yep. Just build a suffix automaton on the string of length N and after that for each query run a dfs from the start node of the automaton. If you can do all M transitions between the automaton states then the small string is contained in the big one. The time complexity is O(M)*O(Q)=O(M*Q).

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3 years ago, # |
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I think the most efficient algorithm for this kind of problems is Aho–Corasick