### 931A - Friends Meeting

At first understand the fact that friend should make their moves one be one and the friend who initially was left should move to the right and other friend should move to the left. Let *len* = |*a* - *b*|. Then the first friend will make *cntA* = *len* / 2 moves, and the second friend — *cntB* = *len* - *len* / 2 moves. So the answer is the sum of two arithmetic progressions *cntA*·(*cntA* + 1) / 2 and *cntB*·(*cntB* + 1) / 2.

The given constrains allowed to calculate this sums in linear time — simply iterate from 1 to *cntA* for the first sum and from 1 to *cntB* to the second.

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Thanks GreenGrape for translation!

Oh plz, where's the tutorial for div1 E?

Isn't it 944D — Game with String?

No, It's the problem "Coins Exhibition"

http://codeforces.com/problemset/problem/930/E

Or Problem 944G — Coins Exhibition

http://codeforces.com/contest/944/problem/D

I know this problem. It's Div1 B or Div2 E, not Div1 E.

Are there other problems similar to 944D — Game with String? It is a very interesting problem and I want to practice it more. Thanks

Is Div. 1 D solvable by some kind of modified convex hull algorithm?

I think the method mentioned by the tutorial, is just some kind of modified convex hull algorithm.

Anya should write the measurements equal to (min + 1) in the amount of (leftSum - minSum), Please explain what does it mean ? Thanks

Can someone explain Div.2C?

Say you have only 0's, 1's and 2's in array.

To preserve average you can either pick 0 and 2 and change both to 1 or pick two 1's and change one of them to 0 and other one to 2. Obviously, it makes no sense to take 0, 2 change it to two 1's and then change it back to 0 and 2 again, you won't gain anything.

So now you pick one of the transformations 0,2 into 1,1 or 1,1 into 0,2. Pick one that gives you more numbers to change and perform transformations.

Example:

0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2

Here, you can pick two 1's and get the array:

0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 2

but that way you changed only 2 numbers. It's better to pick 0's and 2's, change them into 1's so you will get:

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2

(notice how you have to left 2's at the end since you don't have more 0's to "balance" the change in terms of average value).

For the next paragraph I will use this definition: cnt(x) — number of times x is present in array

How many changes will you get from transforming 0's and 2's into 1's? min(cnt(0), cnt(2)) * 2

How many changes will you get from transforming 1's into 0's and 2's? floor(cnt(1) / 2) * 2 (fancy way of saying cnt(1) if cnt(1) is even and cnt(1) — 1 if it's odd)

Special cases:

1) There are only 0's in array; there are only 0's and 1's in array — in those cases you cannot change anything (remember about the constraint that your minimal/maximal numbers have to be between minimal/maximal from original array, so you don't have any possibility for change without breaking this constraint or changing average). Obviously the same case for only 1's etc.

2) There are 0's and 2's in array — that just reduces to transforming as many of them as you can into 1's.

My solution:

http://codeforces.com/contest/931/submission/35947027

(it's not crystal clear, because of the part which actually changes the numbers in array, I guess I should have done it in different way)

Thanks for your comment ! I too was following your approach and not the editorial one and was not able to debug until I came across your post. I missed the special cases !

Here is my code and explanation

Find diff = 0, 1, or 2 depending on if there are 1, 2, or 3 different numbers. My solution was to look at these cases:

my solution

Case1:(xMax-xMin)<2Case 2:(xMax-xMin)==2Suppose

xMax = a+1, thenxMin = a-1and the other number whose presence isnot guranteedwill be'a'. So there are two ways,Way 1— You replacea+1anda-1with2 a, because sum will remain same.Way 2— You replace2 awitha+1anda-1, in this case also sum will remain same.The most optimal way to get answer will be to follow one way at all steps, because there is no sense of replacing

2 awitha+1anda-1, and then again replacinga+1anda-1witha.Now you just have to check which way, either

1or2is more optimal.I'm wondering why there's still no tuturials for the problem Coins Exhibition. I got stuck on this problem and need help.....

Problem A video solution: https://youtu.be/bFEmX3y8idE Problem B video solution: https://youtu.be/tzF_nagpR5A

Problem C and D coming

Problem C: https://youtu.be/hEsuRDgmo_8

Problem D: https://youtu.be/aqVF3vpiERE

thanks for the peculiar tree explanation . i am trying to understand this problem for a long time.

so where is the solution of div1.E?`

Is the formula in a 944B problem for finding the number of (min + 1)s is correct? // leftSum — minSum ?

KAN Excuse me, sir?

Plz help me why the answer of test case 45 is 50

here is my submission 36503648

Hello everyone.

For the problem 944 E, my code gets WA at test case 3.

This is my code- http://codeforces.com/contest/930/submission/38547479

I would like to know the error in my code.

For every index i, I'm taking the sum of longest non-decreasing subsequence ending at i, and the longest non-increasing subsequence starting at i, minus 1.

In 931D - Peculiar apple-tree Here's how the tree looks for the second sample test case