nipul1's blog

By nipul1, history, 14 months ago, In English

I am trying problem Problem using dijkstra algorithm. my submission is submission please tell me where I'm wrong in this .

Thanks in Advanced.

 
 
 
 
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14 months ago, # |
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From the documentation, you can see that priority queues are max heaps, meaning that they will pull out the largest element first. Dijkstra's is a greedy algorithm that runs fast if you relax the nearest (smallest distance) vertex first.

You can fix this by changing the '<' in your comparator to '>'. After that, you will get MLE on test 31.

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    14 months ago, # ^ |
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    Could you please tell me how to fix it and what's the reason behind MLE

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14 months ago, # |
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You need to avoid using pair<int, int> and use your own struct. Here is your code, but I've replaced the pair<int, int> with struct arista: https://codeforces.com/contest/20/submission/57781763

Also note I've declared the 'a' variable outside the Dijkstra's while, and deleted 'b' variable, which can be obtained by looking at 'dis' array

AC

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    14 months ago, # ^ |
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    Thanks , Sir

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    7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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    Hi I was facing similar problem. When I used struct instead of pair as you suggested, I got AC, but can you please tell me why this is happening ? (Why pair is taking so much time?) @gfonn

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      7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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      Now that I see it again, probably it wasn't pair's problem. It might be because he didn't take arguments by reference and read-only in cmp class. That might slow things down a lot. Notice that in my submission I do take arguments like this:

      bool operator<(const arista &a, const arista &b) { return a.second > b.second; }

      So it might be it, i guess.

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        7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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        can you please explain, what is this function doing

        bool operator<(const arista &a, const arista &b) { return a.second > b.second; }

        I got AC after using this comparator and my own struct.

        EDIT: if I use only this comparator function and use pair then I am again getting TLE, but after using struct I got AC

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          7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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          It defines the behavior of comparing two structs arista (using the less-than operator <) Another application is, lets say, you have a struct with a student's data (first and last name, birthdate, average mark, etc). Let's say you want to compare two students a & b, by average mark. One is "less" than the other if it has less average mark. So, you do this:

          bool operator<(const student &a, const student &b) { return a.averageMark < b.averageMark;}

          And you can nest any amount of conditions to determine who's less (define your criterion).

          Priority_queue in C++ uses this operator<, so you need to define it for the struct. BUT if you define the operator< as normally one would do, the priority_queue will give you the greatest first. So to reverse that ordering, you simply trick the priority_queue by reversing the behaviour of your comparator function. So you make it order the wrong way so priority_queue will show the order Dijkstra's need

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14 months ago, # |
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Auto comment: topic has been updated by nipul1 (previous revision, new revision, compare).

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14 months ago, # |
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I think it's better to use actually implemented comparators. If you want to reverse priority queue to be min heap, you should declare it as follows: priority_queue<pair<int, int>, vector<pair<int, int>>, greater<pair<int, int>>>.

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    14 months ago, # ^ |
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    Thanks for suggesting .I did not knew about it.

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12 months ago, # |
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