Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

F. Tree with Maximum Cost

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputYou are given a tree consisting exactly of $$$n$$$ vertices. Tree is a connected undirected graph with $$$n-1$$$ edges. Each vertex $$$v$$$ of this tree has a value $$$a_v$$$ assigned to it.

Let $$$dist(x, y)$$$ be the distance between the vertices $$$x$$$ and $$$y$$$. The distance between the vertices is the number of edges on the simple path between them.

Let's define the cost of the tree as the following value: firstly, let's fix some vertex of the tree. Let it be $$$v$$$. Then the cost of the tree is $$$\sum\limits_{i = 1}^{n} dist(i, v) \cdot a_i$$$.

Your task is to calculate the maximum possible cost of the tree if you can choose $$$v$$$ arbitrarily.

Input

The first line contains one integer $$$n$$$, the number of vertices in the tree ($$$1 \le n \le 2 \cdot 10^5$$$).

The second line of the input contains $$$n$$$ integers $$$a_1, a_2, \dots, a_n$$$ ($$$1 \le a_i \le 2 \cdot 10^5$$$), where $$$a_i$$$ is the value of the vertex $$$i$$$.

Each of the next $$$n - 1$$$ lines describes an edge of the tree. Edge $$$i$$$ is denoted by two integers $$$u_i$$$ and $$$v_i$$$, the labels of vertices it connects ($$$1 \le u_i, v_i \le n$$$, $$$u_i \ne v_i$$$).

It is guaranteed that the given edges form a tree.

Output

Print one integer — the maximum possible cost of the tree if you can choose any vertex as $$$v$$$.

Examples

Input

8 9 4 1 7 10 1 6 5 1 2 2 3 1 4 1 5 5 6 5 7 5 8

Output

121

Input

1 1337

Output

0

Note

Picture corresponding to the first example:

You can choose the vertex $$$3$$$ as a root, then the answer will be $$$2 \cdot 9 + 1 \cdot 4 + 0 \cdot 1 + 3 \cdot 7 + 3 \cdot 10 + 4 \cdot 1 + 4 \cdot 6 + 4 \cdot 5 = 18 + 4 + 0 + 21 + 30 + 4 + 24 + 20 = 121$$$.

In the second example tree consists only of one vertex so the answer is always $$$0$$$.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2019 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Dec/10/2019 12:22:16 (g1).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|