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B. Regular Bracket Sequence

time limit per test

5 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputA bracket sequence is called regular if it is possible to obtain correct arithmetic expression by inserting characters «+» and «1» into this sequence. For example, sequences «(())()», «()» and «(()(()))» are regular, while «)(», «(()» and «(()))(» are not.

One day Johnny got bracket sequence. He decided to remove some of the brackets from it in order to obtain a regular bracket sequence. What is the maximum length of a regular bracket sequence which can be obtained?

Input

Input consists of a single line with non-empty string of «(» and «)» characters. Its length does not exceed 10^{6}.

Output

Output the maximum possible length of a regular bracket sequence.

Examples

Input

(()))(

Output

4

Input

((()())

Output

6

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2018 Mike Mirzayanov

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