Please subscribe to the official Codeforces channel in Telegram via the link: https://t.me/codeforces_official. ×

C. Ivan and Powers of Two
time limit per test
0.5 seconds
memory limit per test
256 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output

Ivan has got an array of n non-negative integers a1, a2, ..., an. Ivan knows that the array is sorted in the non-decreasing order.

Ivan wrote out integers 2a1, 2a2, ..., 2an on a piece of paper. Now he wonders, what minimum number of integers of form 2b (b ≥ 0) need to be added to the piece of paper so that the sum of all integers written on the paper equalled 2v - 1 for some integer v (v ≥ 0).

Help Ivan, find the required quantity of numbers.

Input

The first line contains integer n (1 ≤ n ≤ 105). The second input line contains n space-separated integers a1, a2, ..., an (0 ≤ ai ≤ 2·109). It is guaranteed that a1 ≤ a2 ≤ ... ≤ an.

Output

Print a single integer — the answer to the problem.

Examples
Input
4
0 1 1 1
Output
0
Input
1
3
Output
3
Note

In the first sample you do not need to add anything, the sum of numbers already equals 23 - 1 = 7.

In the second sample you need to add numbers 20, 21, 22.