|Codeforces Round #383 (Div. 2)|
There are some beautiful girls in Arpa’s land as mentioned before.
Once Arpa came up with an obvious problem:
Given an array and a number x, count the number of pairs of indices i, j (1 ≤ i < j ≤ n) such that , where is bitwise xor operation (see notes for explanation).
Immediately, Mehrdad discovered a terrible solution that nobody trusted. Now Arpa needs your help to implement the solution to that problem.
First line contains two integers n and x (1 ≤ n ≤ 105, 0 ≤ x ≤ 105) — the number of elements in the array and the integer x.
Second line contains n integers a1, a2, ..., an (1 ≤ ai ≤ 105) — the elements of the array.
Print a single integer: the answer to the problem.
5 1 2 3 4 1
In the first sample there is only one pair of i = 1 and j = 2. so the answer is 1.
In the second sample the only two pairs are i = 3, j = 4 (since ) and i = 1, j = 5 (since ).
A bitwise xor takes two bit integers of equal length and performs the logical xor operation on each pair of corresponding bits. The result in each position is 1 if only the first bit is 1 or only the second bit is 1, but will be 0 if both are 0 or both are 1. You can read more about bitwise xor operation here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitwise_operation#XOR.