Jon fought bravely to rescue the wildlings who were attacked by the white-walkers at Hardhome. On his arrival, Sam tells him that he wants to go to Oldtown to train at the Citadel to become a maester, so he can return and take the deceased Aemon's place as maester of Castle Black. Jon agrees to Sam's proposal and Sam sets off his journey to the Citadel. However becoming a trainee at the Citadel is not a cakewalk and hence the maesters at the Citadel gave Sam a problem to test his eligibility.
Initially Sam has a list with a single element n. Then he has to perform certain operations on this list. In each operation Sam must remove any element x, such that x > 1, from the list and insert at the same position , , sequentially. He must continue with these operations until all the elements in the list are either 0 or 1.
Now the masters want the total number of 1s in the range l to r (1-indexed). Sam wants to become a maester but unfortunately he cannot solve this problem. Can you help Sam to pass the eligibility test?
The first line contains three integers n, l, r (0 ≤ n < 250, 0 ≤ r - l ≤ 105, r ≥ 1, l ≥ 1) – initial element and the range l to r.
It is guaranteed that r is not greater than the length of the final list.
Output the total number of 1s in the range l to r in the final sequence.
7 2 5
10 3 10
Consider first example:
Elements on positions from 2-nd to 5-th in list is [1, 1, 1, 1]. The number of ones is 4.
For the second example:
Elements on positions from 3-rd to 10-th in list is [1, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0]. The number of ones is 5.