No tag edit access

C. Bank Hacking

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputAlthough Inzane successfully found his beloved bone, Zane, his owner, has yet to return. To search for Zane, he would need a lot of money, of which he sadly has none. To deal with the problem, he has decided to hack the banks.

There are *n* banks, numbered from 1 to *n*. There are also *n* - 1 wires connecting the banks. All banks are initially online. Each bank also has its initial strength: bank *i* has initial strength *a*_{i}.

Let us define some keywords before we proceed. Bank *i* and bank *j* are neighboring if and only if there exists a wire directly connecting them. Bank *i* and bank *j* are semi-neighboring if and only if there exists an online bank *k* such that bank *i* and bank *k* are neighboring and bank *k* and bank *j* are neighboring.

When a bank is hacked, it becomes offline (and no longer online), and other banks that are neighboring or semi-neighboring to it have their strengths increased by 1.

To start his plan, Inzane will choose a bank to hack first. Indeed, the strength of such bank must not exceed the strength of his computer. After this, he will repeatedly choose some bank to hack next until all the banks are hacked, but he can continue to hack bank *x* if and only if all these conditions are met:

- Bank
*x*is online. That is, bank*x*is not hacked yet. - Bank
*x*is neighboring to some offline bank. - The strength of bank
*x*is less than or equal to the strength of Inzane's computer.

Determine the minimum strength of the computer Inzane needs to hack all the banks.

Input

The first line contains one integer *n* (1 ≤ *n* ≤ 3·10^{5}) — the total number of banks.

The second line contains *n* integers *a*_{1}, *a*_{2}, ..., *a*_{n} ( - 10^{9} ≤ *a*_{i} ≤ 10^{9}) — the strengths of the banks.

Each of the next *n* - 1 lines contains two integers *u*_{i} and *v*_{i} (1 ≤ *u*_{i}, *v*_{i} ≤ *n*, *u*_{i} ≠ *v*_{i}) — meaning that there is a wire directly connecting banks *u*_{i} and *v*_{i}.

It is guaranteed that the wires connect the banks in such a way that Inzane can somehow hack all the banks using a computer with appropriate strength.

Output

Print one integer — the minimum strength of the computer Inzane needs to accomplish the goal.

Examples

Input

5

1 2 3 4 5

1 2

2 3

3 4

4 5

Output

5

Input

7

38 -29 87 93 39 28 -55

1 2

2 5

3 2

2 4

1 7

7 6

Output

93

Input

5

1 2 7 6 7

1 5

5 3

3 4

2 4

Output

8

Note

In the first sample, Inzane can hack all banks using a computer with strength 5. Here is how:

- Initially, strengths of the banks are [1, 2, 3, 4, 5].
- He hacks bank 5, then strengths of the banks become [1, 2, 4, 5, - ].
- He hacks bank 4, then strengths of the banks become [1, 3, 5, - , - ].
- He hacks bank 3, then strengths of the banks become [2, 4, - , - , - ].
- He hacks bank 2, then strengths of the banks become [3, - , - , - , - ].
- He completes his goal by hacking bank 1.

In the second sample, Inzane can hack banks 4, 2, 3, 1, 5, 7, and 6, in this order. This way, he can hack all banks using a computer with strength 93.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2020 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Jan/19/2020 03:49:07 (h3).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|