time limit per test
1 second
memory limit per test
64 megabytes
input
standard input
output
standard output

One beautiful July morning a terrible thing happened in Mainframe: a mean virus Megabyte somehow got access to the memory of his not less mean sister Hexadecimal. He loaded there a huge amount of n different natural numbers from 1 to n to obtain total control over her energy.

But his plan failed. The reason for this was very simple: Hexadecimal didn't perceive any information, apart from numbers written in binary format. This means that if a number in a decimal representation contained characters apart from 0 and 1, it was not stored in the memory. Now Megabyte wants to know, how many numbers were loaded successfully.

Input

Input data contains the only number n (1 ≤ n ≤ 109).

Output

Output the only number — answer to the problem.

Examples
Input
10
Output
2
Note

For n = 10 the answer includes numbers 1 and 10.