Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

B. Our Tanya is Crying Out Loud

time limit per test

1 secondmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputRight now she actually isn't. But she will be, if you don't solve this problem.

You are given integers *n*, *k*, *A* and *B*. There is a number *x*, which is initially equal to *n*. You are allowed to perform two types of operations:

- Subtract 1 from
*x*. This operation costs you*A*coins. - Divide
*x*by*k*. Can be performed only if*x*is divisible by*k*. This operation costs you*B*coins.

Input

The first line contains a single integer *n* (1 ≤ *n* ≤ 2·10^{9}).

The second line contains a single integer *k* (1 ≤ *k* ≤ 2·10^{9}).

The third line contains a single integer *A* (1 ≤ *A* ≤ 2·10^{9}).

The fourth line contains a single integer *B* (1 ≤ *B* ≤ 2·10^{9}).

Output

Output a single integer — the minimum amount of coins you have to pay to make *x* equal to 1.

Examples

Input

9

2

3

1

Output

6

Input

5

5

2

20

Output

8

Input

19

3

4

2

Output

12

Note

In the first testcase, the optimal strategy is as follows:

- Subtract 1 from
*x*(9 → 8) paying 3 coins. - Divide
*x*by 2 (8 → 4) paying 1 coin. - Divide
*x*by 2 (4 → 2) paying 1 coin. - Divide
*x*by 2 (2 → 1) paying 1 coin.

The total cost is 6 coins.

In the second test case the optimal strategy is to subtract 1 from *x* 4 times paying 8 coins in total.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2018 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Jun/24/2018 09:58:09 (d2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

User lists

Name |
---|