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E. Hanging Hearts

time limit per test

1 secondmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputPak Chanek has $$$n$$$ blank heart-shaped cards. Card $$$1$$$ is attached directly to the wall while each of the other cards is hanging onto exactly one other card by a piece of string. Specifically, card $$$i$$$ ($$$i > 1$$$) is hanging onto card $$$p_i$$$ ($$$p_i < i$$$).

In the very beginning, Pak Chanek must write one integer number on each card. He does this by choosing any permutation $$$a$$$ of $$$[1, 2, \dots, n]$$$. Then, the number written on card $$$i$$$ is $$$a_i$$$.

After that, Pak Chanek must do the following operation $$$n$$$ times while maintaining a sequence $$$s$$$ (which is initially empty):

- Choose a card $$$x$$$ such that no other cards are hanging onto it.
- Append the number written on card $$$x$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$.
- If $$$x \neq 1$$$ and the number on card $$$p_x$$$ is larger than the number on card $$$x$$$, replace the number on card $$$p_x$$$ with the number on card $$$x$$$.
- Remove card $$$x$$$.

After that, Pak Chanek will have a sequence $$$s$$$ with $$$n$$$ elements. What is the maximum length of the longest non-decreasing subsequence$$$^\dagger$$$ of $$$s$$$ at the end if Pak Chanek does all the steps optimally?

$$$^\dagger$$$ A sequence $$$b$$$ is a subsequence of a sequence $$$c$$$ if $$$b$$$ can be obtained from $$$c$$$ by deletion of several (possibly, zero or all) elements. For example, $$$[3,1]$$$ is a subsequence of $$$[3,2,1]$$$, $$$[4,3,1]$$$ and $$$[3,1]$$$, but not $$$[1,3,3,7]$$$ and $$$[3,10,4]$$$.

Input

The first line contains a single integer $$$n$$$ ($$$2 \le n \le 10^5$$$) — the number of heart-shaped cards.

The second line contains $$$n - 1$$$ integers $$$p_2, p_3, \dots, p_n$$$ ($$$1 \le p_i < i$$$) describing which card that each card hangs onto.

Output

Print a single integer — the maximum length of the longest non-decreasing subsequence of $$$s$$$ at the end if Pak Chanek does all the steps optimally.

Examples

Input

6 1 2 1 4 2

Output

4

Input

2 1

Output

2

Note

The following is the structure of the cards in the first example.

Pak Chanek can choose the permutation $$$a = [1, 5, 4, 3, 2, 6]$$$.

Let $$$w_i$$$ be the number written on card $$$i$$$. Initially, $$$w_i = a_i$$$. Pak Chanek can do the following operations in order:

- Select card $$$5$$$. Append $$$w_5 = 2$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. As $$$w_4 > w_5$$$, the value of $$$w_4$$$ becomes $$$2$$$. Remove card $$$5$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2]$$$.
- Select card $$$6$$$. Append $$$w_6 = 6$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. As $$$w_2 \leq w_6$$$, the value of $$$w_2$$$ is left unchanged. Remove card $$$6$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2, 6]$$$.
- Select card $$$4$$$. Append $$$w_4 = 2$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. As $$$w_1 \leq w_4$$$, the value of $$$w_1$$$ is left unchanged. Remove card $$$4$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2, 6, 2]$$$.
- Select card $$$3$$$. Append $$$w_3 = 4$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. As $$$w_2 > w_3$$$, the value of $$$w_2$$$ becomes $$$4$$$. Remove card $$$3$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2, 6, 2, 4]$$$.
- Select card $$$2$$$. Append $$$w_2 = 4$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. As $$$w_1 \leq w_2$$$, the value of $$$w_1$$$ is left unchanged. Remove card $$$2$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2, 6, 2, 4, 4]$$$.
- Select card $$$1$$$. Append $$$w_1 = 1$$$ to the end of $$$s$$$. Remove card $$$1$$$. After this operation, $$$s = [2, 6, 2, 4, 4, 1]$$$.

One of the longest non-decreasing subsequences of $$$s = [2, 6, 2, 4, 4, 1]$$$ is $$$[2, 2, 4, 4]$$$. Thus, the length of the longest non-decreasing subsequence of $$$s$$$ is $$$4$$$. It can be proven that this is indeed the maximum possible length.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2024 Mike Mirzayanov

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