Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

The problem statement has recently been changed. View the changes.

×
A. Peter and Snow Blower

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputPeter got a new snow blower as a New Year present. Of course, Peter decided to try it immediately. After reading the instructions he realized that it does not work like regular snow blowing machines. In order to make it work, you need to tie it to some point that it does not cover, and then switch it on. As a result it will go along a circle around this point and will remove all the snow from its path.

Formally, we assume that Peter's machine is a polygon on a plane. Then, after the machine is switched on, it will make a circle around the point to which Peter tied it (this point lies strictly outside the polygon). That is, each of the points lying within or on the border of the polygon will move along the circular trajectory, with the center of the circle at the point to which Peter tied his machine.

Peter decided to tie his car to point *P* and now he is wondering what is the area of the region that will be cleared from snow. Help him.

Input

The first line of the input contains three integers — the number of vertices of the polygon *n* (), and coordinates of point *P*.

Each of the next *n* lines contains two integers — coordinates of the vertices of the polygon in the clockwise or counterclockwise order. It is guaranteed that no three consecutive vertices lie on a common straight line.

All the numbers in the input are integers that do not exceed 1 000 000 in their absolute value.

Output

Print a single real value number — the area of the region that will be cleared. Your answer will be considered correct if its absolute or relative error does not exceed 10^{ - 6}.

Namely: let's assume that your answer is *a*, and the answer of the jury is *b*. The checker program will consider your answer correct, if .

Examples

Input

3 0 0

0 1

-1 2

1 2

Output

12.566370614359172464

Input

4 1 -1

0 0

1 2

2 0

1 1

Output

21.991148575128551812

Note

In the first sample snow will be removed from that area:

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2021 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: May/06/2021 09:36:04 (h2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|