Here is an interesting problem for Vietnam Informatics Competition for Youth:
Given a board $$$m \times n \ (m, n \leq 10^6)$$$. You know $$$q (q \leq 10^6)$$$ information: square $$$(x_i, y_i)$$$ contains $$$a_i \ (a_i \leq 10^9)$$$ stones. Other unlisted squares contain $$$0$$$ stones. In one step, you could move one stone to an adjacent square, which shares an edge with the current square. The task is to spread stones equally to every square. For example, it takes 2 steps to make [[0, 0], [2, 2]] become [[1, 1], [1, 1]].
I could only model this as a min-cost max-flow problem and solve for small $$$m, n$$$. How to solve the full problem?