Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

The problem statement has recently been changed. View the changes.

×
C. Sergey's problem

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputSergey just turned five years old! When he was one year old, his parents gave him a number; when he was two years old, his parents gave him an array of integers. On his third birthday he received a string. When he was four, his mother woke him up in a quiet voice, wished him to be a good boy and gave him a rooted tree. Today he celebrates his birthday again! He found a directed graph without loops as a present from his parents.

Since Sergey is a very curious boy, he immediately came up with a thing to do. He decided to find a set $$$Q$$$ of vertices in this graph, such that no two vertices $$$x, y \in Q$$$ are connected by an edge, and it is possible to reach any vertex $$$z \notin Q$$$ from some vertex of $$$Q$$$ in no more than two moves.

After a little thought, Sergey was able to solve this task. Can you solve it too?

A vertex $$$y$$$ is reachable from a vertex $$$x$$$ in at most two moves if either there is a directed edge $$$(x,y)$$$, or there exist two directed edges $$$(x,z)$$$ and $$$(z, y)$$$ for some vertex $$$z$$$.

Input

The first line of input contains two positive integers $$$n$$$ and $$$m$$$ ($$$1 \le n \le 1\,000\,000$$$, $$$1 \le m \le 1\,000\,000$$$) — the number of vertices and the number of edges in the directed graph.

Each of the following $$$m$$$ lines describes a corresponding edge. Each one contains two integers $$$a_i$$$ and $$$b_i$$$ ($$$1 \le a_i, b_i \le n$$$, $$$a_i \ne b_i$$$) — the beginning and the end of the $$$i$$$-th edge. The graph may contain multiple edges between the same pair of vertices.

Output

First print the number $$$k$$$ — the number of selected vertices. Then print $$$k$$$ distinct integers — the indices of the selected vertices.

If multiple answers exist you can output any of them. In particular, you don't have to minimize the number of vertices in the set. It is guaranteed, that there is always at least one valid set.

Examples

Input

5 4

1 2

2 3

2 4

2 5

Output

4

1 3 4 5

Input

3 3

1 2

2 3

3 1

Output

1

3

Note

In the first sample, the vertices $$$1, 3, 4, 5$$$ are not connected. The vertex $$$2$$$ is reachable from vertex $$$1$$$ by one edge.

In the second sample, it is possible to reach the vertex $$$1$$$ in one move and the vertex $$$2$$$ in two moves.

The following pictures illustrate sample tests and their answers.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2021 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Apr/22/2021 00:03:54 (i3).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|