Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

The problem statement has recently been changed. View the changes.

×
C. Ping-pong

time limit per test

1 secondmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputAlice and Bob play ping-pong with simplified rules.

During the game, the player serving the ball commences a play. The server strikes the ball then the receiver makes a return by hitting the ball back. Thereafter, the server and receiver must alternately make a return until one of them doesn't make a return.

The one who doesn't make a return loses this play. The winner of the play commences the next play. Alice starts the first play.

Alice has $$$x$$$ stamina and Bob has $$$y$$$. To hit the ball (while serving or returning) each player spends $$$1$$$ stamina, so if they don't have any stamina, they can't return the ball (and lose the play) or can't serve the ball (in this case, the other player serves the ball instead). If both players run out of stamina, the game is over.

Sometimes, it's strategically optimal not to return the ball, lose the current play, but save the stamina. On the contrary, when the server commences a play, they have to hit the ball, if they have some stamina left.

Both Alice and Bob play optimally and want to, firstly, maximize their number of wins and, secondly, minimize the number of wins of their opponent.

Calculate the resulting number of Alice's and Bob's wins.

Input

The first line contains a single integer $$$t$$$ ($$$1 \le t \le 10^4$$$) — the number of test cases.

The first and only line of each test case contains two integers $$$x$$$ and $$$y$$$ ($$$1 \le x, y \le 10^6$$$) — Alice's and Bob's initial stamina.

Output

For each test case, print two integers — the resulting number of Alice's and Bob's wins, if both of them play optimally.

Example

Input

3 1 1 2 1 1 7

Output

0 1 1 1 0 7

Note

In the first test case, Alice serves the ball and spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Then Bob returns the ball and also spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Alice can't return the ball since she has no stamina left and loses the play. Both of them ran out of stamina, so the game is over with $$$0$$$ Alice's wins and $$$1$$$ Bob's wins.

In the second test case, Alice serves the ball and spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Bob decides not to return the ball — he loses the play but saves stamina. Alice, as the winner of the last play, serves the ball in the next play and spends $$$1$$$ more stamina. This time, Bob returns the ball and spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Alice doesn't have any stamina left, so she can't return the ball and loses the play. Both of them ran out of stamina, so the game is over with $$$1$$$ Alice's and $$$1$$$ Bob's win.

In the third test case, Alice serves the ball and spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Bob returns the ball and spends $$$1$$$ stamina. Alice ran out of stamina, so she can't return the ball and loses the play. Bob, as a winner, serves the ball in the next $$$6$$$ plays. Each time Alice can't return the ball and loses each play. The game is over with $$$0$$$ Alice's and $$$7$$$ Bob's wins.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2023 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Mar/23/2023 17:12:09 (h1).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|