Codeforces Round 341 (Div. 2) |
---|

Finished |

combinatorics

math

number theory

probabilities

*1700

No tag edit access

The problem statement has recently been changed. View the changes.

×
C. Wet Shark and Flowers

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputThere are *n* sharks who grow flowers for Wet Shark. They are all sitting around the table, such that sharks *i* and *i* + 1 are neighbours for all *i* from 1 to *n* - 1. Sharks *n* and 1 are neighbours too.

Each shark will grow some number of flowers *s*_{i}. For *i*-th shark value *s*_{i} is random integer equiprobably chosen in range from *l*_{i} to *r*_{i}. Wet Shark has it's favourite prime number *p*, and he really likes it! If for any pair of neighbouring sharks *i* and *j* the product *s*_{i}·*s*_{j} is divisible by *p*, then Wet Shark becomes happy and gives 1000 dollars to each of these sharks.

At the end of the day sharks sum all the money Wet Shark granted to them. Find the expectation of this value.

Input

The first line of the input contains two space-separated integers *n* and *p* (3 ≤ *n* ≤ 100 000, 2 ≤ *p* ≤ 10^{9}) — the number of sharks and Wet Shark's favourite prime number. It is guaranteed that *p* is prime.

The *i*-th of the following *n* lines contains information about *i*-th shark — two space-separated integers *l*_{i} and *r*_{i} (1 ≤ *l*_{i} ≤ *r*_{i} ≤ 10^{9}), the range of flowers shark *i* can produce. Remember that *s*_{i} is chosen equiprobably among all integers from *l*_{i} to *r*_{i}, inclusive.

Output

Print a single real number — the expected number of dollars that the sharks receive in total. You answer will be considered correct if its absolute or relative error does not exceed 10^{ - 6}.

Namely: let's assume that your answer is *a*, and the answer of the jury is *b*. The checker program will consider your answer correct, if .

Examples

Input

3 2

1 2

420 421

420420 420421

Output

4500.0

Input

3 5

1 4

2 3

11 14

Output

0.0

Note

A prime number is a positive integer number that is divisible only by 1 and itself. 1 is not considered to be prime.

Consider the first sample. First shark grows some number of flowers from 1 to 2, second sharks grows from 420 to 421 flowers and third from 420420 to 420421. There are eight cases for the quantities of flowers (*s*_{0}, *s*_{1}, *s*_{2}) each shark grows:

- (1, 420, 420420): note that
*s*_{0}·*s*_{1}= 420,*s*_{1}·*s*_{2}= 176576400, and*s*_{2}·*s*_{0}= 420420. For each pair, 1000 dollars will be awarded to each shark. Therefore, each shark will be awarded 2000 dollars, for a total of 6000 dollars. - (1, 420, 420421): now, the product
*s*_{2}·*s*_{0}is not divisible by 2. Therefore, sharks*s*_{0}and*s*_{2}will receive 1000 dollars, while shark*s*_{1}will receive 2000. The total is 4000. - (1, 421, 420420): total is 4000
- (1, 421, 420421): total is 0.
- (2, 420, 420420): total is 6000.
- (2, 420, 420421): total is 6000.
- (2, 421, 420420): total is 6000.
- (2, 421, 420421): total is 4000.

The expected value is .

In the second sample, no combination of quantities will garner the sharks any money.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2024 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Apr/23/2024 08:39:10 (k2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|