2018-2019 ICPC, NEERC, Southern Subregional Contest (Online Mirror, ACM-ICPC Rules, Teams Preferred) |
---|

Finished |

Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

L. Odd Federalization

time limit per test

5 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputBerland has $$$n$$$ cities, some of which are connected by roads. Each road is bidirectional, connects two distinct cities and for each two cities there's at most one road connecting them.

The president of Berland decided to split country into $$$r$$$ states in such a way that each city will belong to exactly one of these $$$r$$$ states.

After this split each road will connect either cities of the same state or cities of the different states. Let's call roads that connect two cities of the same state "inner" roads.

The president doesn't like odd people, odd cities and odd numbers, so he wants this split to be done in such a way that each city would have even number of "inner" roads connected to it.

Please help president to find smallest possible $$$r$$$ for which such a split exists.

Input

The input contains one or several test cases. The first input line contains a single integer number $$$t$$$ — number of test cases. Then, $$$t$$$ test cases follow. Solve test cases separately, test cases are completely independent and do not affect each other.

Then $$$t$$$ blocks of input data follow. Each block starts from empty line which separates it from the remaining input data. The second line of each block contains two space-separated integers $$$n$$$, $$$m$$$ ($$$1 \le n \le 2000$$$, $$$0 \le m \le 10000$$$) — the number of cities and number of roads in the Berland. Each of the next $$$m$$$ lines contains two space-separated integers — $$$x_i$$$, $$$y_i$$$ ($$$1 \le x_i, y_i \le n$$$; $$$x_i \ne y_i$$$), which denotes that the $$$i$$$-th road connects cities $$$x_i$$$ and $$$y_i$$$. Each pair of cities are connected by at most one road.

Sum of values $$$n$$$ across all test cases doesn't exceed $$$2000$$$. Sum of values $$$m$$$ across all test cases doesn't exceed $$$10000$$$.

Output

For each test case first print a line containing a single integer $$$r$$$ — smallest possible number of states for which required split is possible. In the next line print $$$n$$$ space-separated integers in range from $$$1$$$ to $$$r$$$, inclusive, where the $$$j$$$-th number denotes number of state for the $$$j$$$-th city. If there are multiple solutions, print any.

Example

Input

2

5 3

1 2

2 5

1 5

6 5

1 2

2 3

3 4

4 2

4 1

Output

1

1 1 1 1 1

2

2 1 1 1 1 1

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2018 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Nov/14/2018 19:39:42 (d2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|