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C. Berland Square

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputLast year the world's largest square was built in Berland. It is known that the square can be represented as an infinite plane with an introduced Cartesian system of coordinates. On that square two sets of concentric circles were painted. Let's call the set of concentric circles with radii 1, 2, ..., *K* and the center in the point (*z*, 0) a (*K*, *z*)-set. Thus, on the square were painted a (*N*, *x*)-set and a (*M*, *y*)-set. You have to find out how many parts those sets divided the square into.

Input

The first line contains integers *N*, *x*, *M*, *y*. (1 ≤ *N*, *M* ≤ 100000, - 100000 ≤ *x*, *y* ≤ 100000, *x* ≠ *y*).

Output

Print the sought number of parts.

Examples

Input

1 0 1 1

Output

4

Input

1 0 1 2

Output

3

Input

3 3 4 7

Output

17

Note

Picture for the third sample:

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2017 Mike Mirzayanov

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