Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

E. Another Sith Tournament

time limit per test

2.5 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputThe rules of Sith Tournament are well known to everyone. *n* Sith take part in the Tournament. The Tournament starts with the random choice of two Sith who will fight in the first battle. As one of them loses, his place is taken by the next randomly chosen Sith who didn't fight before. Does it need to be said that each battle in the Sith Tournament ends with a death of one of opponents? The Tournament ends when the only Sith remains alive.

Jedi Ivan accidentally appeared in the list of the participants in the Sith Tournament. However, his skills in the Light Side of the Force are so strong so he can influence the choice of participants either who start the Tournament or who take the loser's place after each battle. Of course, he won't miss his chance to take advantage of it. Help him to calculate the probability of his victory.

Input

The first line contains a single integer *n* (1 ≤ *n* ≤ 18) — the number of participants of the Sith Tournament.

Each of the next *n* lines contains *n* real numbers, which form a matrix *p*_{ij} (0 ≤ *p*_{ij} ≤ 1). Each its element *p*_{ij} is the probability that the *i*-th participant defeats the *j*-th in a duel.

The elements on the main diagonal *p*_{ii} are equal to zero. For all different *i*, *j* the equality *p*_{ij} + *p*_{ji} = 1 holds. All probabilities are given with no more than six decimal places.

Jedi Ivan is the number 1 in the list of the participants.

Output

Output a real number — the probability that Jedi Ivan will stay alive after the Tournament. Absolute or relative error of the answer must not exceed 10^{ - 6}.

Examples

Input

3

0.0 0.5 0.8

0.5 0.0 0.4

0.2 0.6 0.0

Output

0.680000000000000

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2018 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Mar/21/2018 04:16:31 (d2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

User lists

Name |
---|