Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

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B. Kids' Riddle

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

64 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputProgrammers' kids solve this riddle in 5-10 minutes. How fast can you do it?

Input

The input contains a single integer *n* (0 ≤ *n* ≤ 2000000000).

Output

Output a single integer.

Examples

Input

11

Output

2

Input

14

Output

0

Input

61441

Output

2

Input

571576

Output

10

Input

2128506

Output

3

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2018 Mike Mirzayanov

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