CoolManGame's blog

By CoolManGame, history, 5 months ago, In English

SAD NEWS: beepbeepboop has found 219781 to be a counter example :(( I was too excited that I forgot to check for big numbers. In fact there are quite many counter examples above 1e5. This conjecture is therefore proven to be false.

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I unexpectedly found a simple primality condition when browsing the prime number sequence on OEIS. I thought it would be nice to share it here since I haven't seen it shared anywhere else. It's also easier to remember than the Miller-Rabin test. Here's some pseudocode to describe the primality test:

isPrime(N):
 if N <= 10: return N in [2, 3, 5, 7]
 return (Fib(N) % N == 1 or Fib(N) % N == N-1) and (2**(N-1) % N) == 1

(Note: (Fib(N) % N) and (2**(N-1) % N) can be evaluated in O(logn))

This does work, and I've gotten AC on https://www.spoj.com/problems/PON/ with it.

You can find this conjecture on https://oeis.org/A000040 where it said "Conjecture: Sequence = {5 and n <> 5| ( Fibonacci(n) mod n = 1 or Fibonacci(n) mod n = n — 1) and 2^(n-1) mod n = 1}. — Gary Detlefs, May 25 2014". It's a conjecture, but conjectures are true in CP am I right lol.

I haven't found a name for it, nor have I seen it shared anywhere else. Though, if it's already known with a published name (I'm not the best googler lol), do let me know through the comments or DM.

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