### TheMartian0x48's blog

By TheMartian0x48, history, 3 months ago,

You are given an integer K.
A function F is defined over non-negative integers as the following:

$F(x) = \sum((x | i) - (x \& i))$

for i such that the given conditions hold true:

$0 <= i <= x \text{ and } ((x | i) - (x \& i)) = x - i$

Determine the number of non-negative integers x such that

$F(x) \leq K$

| = bitwise or
& = bitwise and

Example for K = 6, possible x is 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 as F(0) = 0
F(1) = 1
F(2) = 2
F(3) = 6
F(4) = 4

Constraints

$1 \leq T \leq 10^{5} \\ 1 \leq K \leq 10^{18} \\ \text{Time Limit: 5.0 sec(s) for each input file.} \\ \text{Memory Limit: 256 MB}$

It was asked in nokia coding hackthon.
I wasn't able to find any pattern to approach any optimal solution. How would you approach this problem?