### awoo's blog

By awoo, history, 8 months ago, translation, 1739A - Immobile Knight

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution 1 (awoo)
Solution 2 (awoo)

1739B - Array Recovery

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution (Neon)

1739C - Card Game

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution 1 (BledDest)
Solution 2 (BledDest)

1739D - Reset K Edges

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution (awoo)

1739E - Cleaning Robot

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution (awoo)

1739F - Keyboard Design

Idea: BledDest

Tutorial
Solution (BledDest)  Comments (45)
 » can anyone help me in D 174113824
•  » » I need help too; (●'◡'-)
•  » » Take a look at Ticket 16232 from CF Stress for a counter example.
•  » » » Hello, Friend.I am new to CodeForces. Could you share some pointers how and when CFStress may be useful during practise or contest?
•  » » » » During practice, whenever you get WA on large testcases, CF Stress can help you find the smallest testcase on which your Code fails, so that you can debug it yourself. You can't use it during contests.
 » Can someone suggest problems similar to Div2 C: Card Game, which requires DP, Combinatorics and some thinking. Thanks!
•  » » sum of product 2 ....codechef
•  » » » Thanks will look into it
•  » » » » btw this question can be done in O(n) , with some combinatorics and some thinking..wont require dp..
 » 8 months ago, # | ← Rev. 4 →   For those who just want to see the recurrence used in solution for C:$dp(n, p) = {n-1 \choose \frac{n}{2}}+ dp(n-2, p^{-1})$ Let $p$ represent some player, and $p^{-1}$ represent the opponent of that player.
•  » » What is the analytical base case of this recurrence ?
•  » » » If a Alice has got the biggest card, he will win. Otherwise If the opponent will lose in the round with $n$ cards, the player will win in the round with $n + 2$ cards. Otherwise : he will lose.
•  » » W Observation. I did this
 » When does the robot break? Let the robot currently be in the cell (j,i) (0-indexed) and the next column with a dirty cell be nxti (possibly, nxti=i). The robot breaks only if both (1−j,nxti) and (j,nxti) are dirty.I think there is a typo. break condition should be (1-j,nxti) and (j,nxti + 1)
 » 8 months ago, # | ← Rev. 3 →   My solution to Prblem C in Div 2.This is very interesting.We can find that: if Alice has the biggest number, he will win. Because he can use this card first. Otherwise Boris has the biggest number, it's obvious that Boris will be "stronger" in the first turn, and he get first in the secound turn. So the number of ways that Alice wins is equal to the number of ways that Boris wins with $n - 2$ cards. So we have $fst_i = \frac{C_{i}^{i/2}}{2} + lst_{i - 2}$.There is another key to the task : the number of way to make a draw is equal to $1$. So $lst_i = C_{i}^{i/2} - fst_i - 1$.My submission : 174191151
•  » » 8 months ago, # ^ | ← Rev. 2 →   _ So the number of ways that Alice wins is equal to the number of ways that Boris wins with n−2 cards_ i dont understand this part, can you explain how you get to that observaton ?
•  » » » Because in the first round, Boris is Stronger and plays cards first in the second round. (This is because Boris has got the biggest card). If Boris loses the round with $n - 2$ card, then Alise will win in the round with $n$ cards. For example.Alice : $2, 3$Boris : $1, 4$Alice uses card $2$ and Boris uses card $4$, then Alice has card $3$ and Boris has card $1$. in this case ($2$ cards in total) Alice will win in the game ($4$ cards in total).
•  » » » » 8 months ago, # ^ | ← Rev. 3 →   I think i slightly get your idea, but waittt isnt the example you gave should be a draw
 » In D, why does this greedy solution starting from the root and cutting whenever the depth exceeds the candidate does not work? TIA
•  » » Consider the following inputInput: 1 7 1 1 1 3 2 5 5 Output: 2 If you cut the tree whenever depth exceeds 2, you will require 2 operations, while the min. operations to make depth 2 is actually 1. Just make the tree and see why this happening :)
•  » » » Thank you! I should have observed that removing a complete sub tree at (h-1) is better than removing each of its children at (h).
 » Why are the constraints so low for C?I wrote a $O(n)$ solution which should easily work for $\Sigma n \geq 10^6$ The solution
•  » » Can i ask a question？ why in editorial the dp is 1 ？
 » Can anyone tell why this is giving WA? https://codeforces.com/contest/1739/submission/174471060
•  » » Take a look at Ticket 16237 from CF Stress for a counter example.
 » Someone please help with my solution to problem E:https://codeforces.com/contest/1739/submission/174503555idea: dp[i][j][k] ; 0<=i<=1, 0<=j<=n-1, 0<=k<=2dp[i][j] = num cells to clean manually in [0-1][j..n-1] rectangle if we are currently at clean (i,j)dp[i][j] = num cells to clean manually in [0-1][j..n-1] rectangle if we are currently at clean (i,j), and cell (1-i,j) is already cleandp[i][j] = num cells to clean manually in [0-1][j..n-1] rectangle if we are currently at clean (i,j), and cells (1-i,j) and (1-i,j+1) are already cleanI store the index of next clean cell in row i in k00,k01,k02; and of row 1-i in k10,k11,k12
•  » » Take a look at Ticket 16235 from CF Stress for a counter example.
•  » » » Thank you so much! Can you please clarify on the point below as well though?
•  » » » » Your statement looks reasonable to me. Probably a typo in the editorial.
 » For problem E:" When does the robot break? Let the robot currently be in the cell $(j,i)$ (0-indexed) and the next column with a dirty cell be $nxt_i$ (possibly, $nxt_i=i$). The robot breaks only if both $(1−j,nxt_i)$ and $(j,nxt_i)$ are dirty "Shouldn't it break when $(1-j,nxt_i)$ and $(j,nxt_i+1 )$ are both dirty, and $( j,nxt_i )$ is clean ?
•  » » yep, that's a mistake in the editorial
 » BledDest!Aho-Corasick is new algo for me and and read about this in cp-algorithms. They said if you need to find all strings from a given set in text, you need to use "exit links" to make code faster: storing the nearest leaf vertex that is reachable using suffix links (this is sometimes called the exit link).Link As I see, you don't use this links or ncost array does this job?
•  » » Yeah, ncost does the trick. Usually the exit links are helpful to traverse the whole path to the root along the suffix links without actually visiting non-terminal states of the Aho-Corasick (for example, this allows to find all occurrences of all strings we have to search for in $O(Ans)$); but in this problem, we are not interested in the actual occurrences themselves, only in their total cost, so precalculating it for each state is both easier and faster.
 » Can somebody explain problem E why it is not always optimal when the robot is at j-th row i-th column and $(1 - j, i)$ is dirty, $(j, i + 1)$ is clean, and we just always go to clean $(1 - j, i)$? I have been stuck by this for a long time but could not find any counter case :/
•  » » See this case: 8 00100110 10001101 You can see that if you clean the cell in (1, 3) (1-indexed, (row, col)) you will avoid doing some forced cleaning twice near the end.If you are doing DP, probably you just need to add one more transition to take care of this.
•  » » » Thanks you! It gets AC after I add this transition!
 » can anyone tell what is the turn variable used for in Div2 C: Card Game solution 1
 » Can't figure out my mistake in problem D.https://codeforces.com/contest/1739/submission/176283387
•  » » Take a look at Ticket 16293 from CF Stress for a counter example.
•  » » » Thanks!
 » why my code for problem D always gives WA ? any help please .
•  » » Take a look at Ticket 16324 from CF Stress for a counter example.
•  » » » Thanks a lot. it helps me to get my code accepted now. the problem is to clear visit and level arrays after each step from the binary search.
 » 6 months ago, # | ← Rev. 3 →   .
 » Reverse everything and make a problem and throw at our face.