ilia_rr's blog

By ilia_rr, 7 weeks ago, In English

Hi everybody!

This blog is about speeding up C/C++ compilers with precompiled headers.

Including lots of headers or big headers like bits/stdc++.h will increase compilation time. This can be annoying even with high speed processors. We can solve this using precompiled headers.

What are precompiled headers?

You can compile a header like stdc++.h to stdc++.h.gch and compiler will use it instead of compiling the header every time you are compiling your code. Less processing => Less time.

How to use precompiled headers?

  1. Find your g++ default include directory

    • Ubuntu: /usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu/c++/{version}
    • Windows: C:\MinGW\lib\gcc\mingw32\{version}\include\c++
  2. Compile headers you need (I recommend using bits/stdc++.h instead of including lots of headers).

    g++ {header name} {flags you use when compiling a normal code}

  3. Put .gch files in the right place. You have 2 Options:

    • Put them in the directory you find the headers & use #include <header name>
    • Put them in your code directory & use #include "header name"

    I recommend first options because the second one will work only when .gch files are in the code directory and it takes a little extra time to search in code.

Compile a code and feel the difference!

Comment your issues or suggestions.

Be good and code fast ;)

 
 
 
 
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7 weeks ago, # |
Rev. 3   Vote: I like it -49 Vote: I do not like it

plaese don't down bruh

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7 weeks ago, # |
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My own experience:

I use precompiled stdc++.h in the default header directory and compile time decreased from 600ms to 100ms.

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7 weeks ago, # |
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Thanks for it. But it dont include windows.h library. Thanks already.

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    7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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    I think you can precompile it separately.

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7 weeks ago, # |
Rev. 3   Vote: I like it -26 Vote: I do not like it

please don't down vote bruh

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7 weeks ago, # |
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mine got improved from 2.376 seconds to 0.692 seconds, many thanks

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7 weeks ago, # |
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Thanks for your helpful blog (◕ᴗ◕✿)

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7 weeks ago, # |
Rev. 2   Vote: I like it 0 Vote: I do not like it

stdc++.h.gch file has been created in the same folder where the original stdc++.h file is. But still this isn't speeding up compilation. (I am using code runner extension on VS code.)

Am I missing something? :(

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    7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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    Are you sure you found the right directory?

    Use g++ -xc++ -E -v - to find it.

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      7 weeks ago, # ^ |
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      The VS code extension is running a command g++ filename.cpp -o filename.exewhile compiling and running. So am I supposed to add -o as a flag in command given in the blog.

      Update : NVM, now it is taking 2 seconds to compile, previously it was taking 7-8 seconds. My laptop processor might be the bottleneck, coz it is too old. But yeah, I see this as an absolute win :)

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7 weeks ago, # |
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thanks mate