Codeforces Round 868 (Div. 2) |
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Finished |

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brute force

dp

games

graphs

math

*2500

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E. Removing Graph

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputAlice and Bob are playing a game on a graph. They have an undirected graph without self-loops and multiple edges. All vertices of the graph have degree equal to $$$2$$$. The graph may consist of several components. Note that if such graph has $$$n$$$ vertices, it will have exactly $$$n$$$ edges.

Alice and Bob take turn. Alice goes first. In each turn, the player can choose $$$k$$$ ($$$l \le k \le r$$$; $$$l < r$$$) vertices that form a connected subgraph and erase these vertices from the graph, including all incident edges.

The player who can't make a step loses.

For example, suppose they are playing on the given graph with given $$$l = 2$$$ and $$$r = 3$$$:

A valid vertex set for Alice to choose at the first move is one of the following:

- $$$\{1, 2\}$$$
- $$$\{1, 3\}$$$
- $$$\{2, 3\}$$$
- $$$\{4, 5\}$$$
- $$$\{4, 6\}$$$
- $$$\{5, 6\}$$$
- $$$\{1, 2, 3\}$$$
- $$$\{4, 5, 6\}$$$

Then a valid vertex set for Bob to choose at the first move is one of the following:

- $$$\{1, 2\}$$$
- $$$\{1, 3\}$$$
- $$$\{2, 3\}$$$
- $$$\{1, 2, 3\}$$$

Alice can't make a move, so she loses.

You are given a graph of size $$$n$$$ and integers $$$l$$$ and $$$r$$$. Who will win if both Alice and Bob play optimally.

Input

The first line contains three integers $$$n$$$, $$$l$$$ and $$$r$$$ ($$$3 \le n \le 2 \cdot 10^5$$$; $$$1 \le l < r \le n$$$) — the number of vertices in the graph, and the constraints on the number of vertices Alice or Bob can choose in one move.

Next $$$n$$$ lines contains edges of the graph: one edge per line. The $$$i$$$-th line contains two integers $$$u_i$$$ and $$$v_i$$$ ($$$1 \le u_i, v_i \le n$$$; $$$u_i \neq v_i$$$) — description of the $$$i$$$-th edge.

It's guaranteed that the degree of each vertex of the given graph is equal to $$$2$$$.

Output

Print Alice (case-insensitive) if Alice wins, or Bob otherwise.

Examples

Input

6 2 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 4 5 5 6 6 4

Output

Bob

Input

6 1 2 1 2 2 3 3 1 4 5 5 6 6 4

Output

Bob

Input

12 1 3 1 2 2 3 3 1 4 5 5 6 6 7 7 4 8 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 8

Output

Alice

Note

In the first test the same input as in legend is shown.

In the second test the same graph as in legend is shown, but with $$$l = 1$$$ and $$$r = 2$$$.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2024 Mike Mirzayanov

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