Speed up GCC Compile time

Revision en2, by _Na2Th, 2017-08-17 05:22:09

This is a tip for C++ programmers who use the bits header to include every library from C++.

#include <bits/stdc++.h>

Even more so with C++11, it may take some time for it to compile on your machine. I speak by experience: it took me more than 4s to compile every single time. This would drive me crazy during contests.

I know it works on linux with gcc. I would guess it works on any unix with gcc, but I really don't know.

The solution I offer here is to precompile the headers, and avoid processing every header file every time.

I'll explain by example, showing how I would prepare for the upcoming contest, round 429.

The first thing to do is to make the folder I'll leave my code in, and copy the template file I have into it.

mkdir cf429 cp temp.cpp cf429/

The template goes something like

#include "bits/stdc++.h"
#define mt make_tuple
using namespace std;

int main(){

Note the use of #include "bits/stdc++.h" instead of #include <bits/stdc++.h>. This is important, since it makes the compile first look for the local copy, and only afterwards try to look among the libraries. This is what ensures that the code will run on the Online Judge and take advantage of the precompiled local version in my machine.

Then I would need to find where the header is. It is possible to do so by compiling a program which includes the library with the -H flag. I'll just compile my template.

g++ -H temp.cpp

The first file is the header we are looking for. In my machine it was on /usr/include/c++/7.1.1/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bits.

So I can just copy this file into the directory I am going to use during the competition and precompile it. I do it in a way that I do not have to change the header, so that I can submit the file normally.

To be able to do so, create a bits directory, copy the file into it, and compile the header with the same flags you use. In the code below, remember to change the directory to the one you found with the g++ -H command.

mkdir bits
cp /usr/include/c++/7.1.1/x86_64-pc-linux-gnu/bits/stdc++.h bits/
cd bits
g++ -std=c++11 stdc++.h


  Rev. Lang. By When Δ Comment
en4 English _Na2Th 2017-08-17 05:30:41 69 (published)
en3 English _Na2Th 2017-08-17 05:28:55 575
en2 English _Na2Th 2017-08-17 05:22:09 1027
en1 English _Na2Th 2017-08-17 05:05:24 1868 Initial revision (saved to drafts)