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Bug with iterators

Revision en1, by noobinho, 2019-09-04 17:34:06

I want a list of balanced binary search trees so that I can answer queries for insert, delete and median in each tree. Based on this post I coded the following:

struct Tree{
	multiset<int> ms;
	multiset<int>::iterator med_it;
	int med_idx;
};

int Ceil(int a, int b){
	return (a+1)/b;
}

void initializeTree(Tree (&tree), int el){
	(tree.ms).insert(el);
	(tree.med_it) = (tree.ms).begin();
	(tree.med_idx) = 1;
}

void TreeInsert(Tree (&tree), int el){
	(tree.ms).insert(el);

	if(el < *(tree.med_it)) (tree.med_idx)++;

	int idx = Ceil((tree.ms).size(),2);

	if(tree.med_idx < idx) (tree.med_it)++;
	else if(tree.med_idx > idx) (tree.med_it)--;

	tree.med_idx = idx;
}

void TreeDelete(Tree (&tree), int el){
	multiset<int>::iterator aux;

	int idx = Ceil((int)(tree.ms).size() - 1,2);

	if(el == *(tree.med_it)){
		aux = (tree.med_it);

		if((tree.med_idx) == idx) aux++;
		else aux--;

		(tree.ms).erase((tree.med_it));
		(tree.med_it) = aux;
	}
	else{
		aux = (tree.ms).find(el);
		(tree.ms).erase(aux);

		if(el < *(tree.med_it)) (tree.med_idx)--;

		if((tree.med_idx) < idx) (tree.med_it)++;
		else if((tree.med_idx) > idx) (tree.med_it)--;
	}

	(tree.med_idx) = idx; 
}

int TreeMerge(Tree (&tree1), Tree (&tree2)){
	multiset<int>::iterator it;

	if((tree1.ms).size() >= (tree2.ms).size()){
		for(it = (tree2.ms).begin(); it != (tree2.ms).end(); it++) TreeInsert(tree1, *it);
		return 1;
	}
	else{
		for(it = (tree1.ms).begin(); it != (tree1.ms).end(); it++) TreeInsert(tree2, *it);
		return 2;
	}
}

I tested all the functions and they seem to work well. But then I created a list L to be my list and inserted some trees on it to test the functions on the members of the list. The following code shows that:

Tree tree1, tree2;

initializeTree(tree1,9);
initializeTree(tree2,4);

list<Tree> L;

L.push_back(tree1);
L.push_back(tree2);

Then I acessed the members of the list with list::iterator as shown in the code below:

list<Tree>::iterator L_cur = L.begin(), L_next = L.begin();
L_next++;

So I applied the functions to *L_cur and *L_next and the med_it pointer got some bug. For example, when running the code below:

int merge = TreeMerge(*L_cur,*L_next);

When I access the content of the L_cur and L_next pointers all seems to work as expected except for the med_it pointer of the tree in L_cur, which continues pointing to 9 instead of 4.

When I run the same function with two Tree objects it seems to work well, as shown in the code below:

Tree tree1, tree2;

initializeTree(tree1,9);
initializeTree(tree2,4);

int merge = TreeMerge(tree1,tree2);

Why it occurs?

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en1 English noobinho 2019-09-04 17:34:06 2907 Initial revision (published)