Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

No tag edit access

E. Mr. Kitayuta vs. Bamboos

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputMr. Kitayuta's garden is planted with *n* bamboos. (Bamboos are tall, fast-growing tropical plants with hollow stems.) At the moment, the height of the *i*-th bamboo is *h*_{i} meters, and it grows *a*_{i} meters at the end of each day.

Actually, Mr. Kitayuta hates these bamboos. He once attempted to cut them down, but failed because their stems are too hard. Mr. Kitayuta have not given up, however. He has crafted Magical Hammer with his intelligence to drive them into the ground.

He can use Magical Hammer at most *k* times during each day, due to his limited Magic Power. Each time he beat a bamboo with Magical Hammer, its height decreases by *p* meters. If the height would become negative by this change, it will become 0 meters instead (it does not disappear). In other words, if a bamboo whose height is *h* meters is beaten with Magical Hammer, its new height will be *max*(0, *h* - *p*) meters. It is possible to beat the same bamboo more than once in a day.

Mr. Kitayuta will fight the bamboos for *m* days, starting today. His purpose is to minimize the height of the tallest bamboo after *m* days (that is, *m* iterations of "Mr. Kitayuta beats the bamboos and then they grow"). Find the lowest possible height of the tallest bamboo after *m* days.

Input

The first line of the input contains four space-separated integers *n*, *m*, *k* and *p* (1 ≤ *n* ≤ 10^{5}, 1 ≤ *m* ≤ 5000, 1 ≤ *k* ≤ 10, 1 ≤ *p* ≤ 10^{9}). They represent the number of the bamboos in Mr. Kitayuta's garden, the duration of Mr. Kitayuta's fight in days, the maximum number of times that Mr. Kitayuta beat the bamboos during each day, and the power of Magic Hammer, respectively.

The following *n* lines describe the properties of the bamboos. The *i*-th of them (1 ≤ *i* ≤ *n*) contains two space-separated integers *h*_{i} and *a*_{i} (0 ≤ *h*_{i} ≤ 10^{9}, 1 ≤ *a*_{i} ≤ 10^{9}), denoting the initial height and the growth rate of the *i*-th bamboo, respectively.

Output

Print the lowest possible height of the tallest bamboo after *m* days.

Examples

Input

3 1 2 5

10 10

10 10

15 2

Output

17

Input

2 10 10 1000000000

0 10

0 10

Output

10

Input

5 3 3 10

9 5

9 2

4 7

9 10

3 8

Output

14

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2019 Mike Mirzayanov

The only programming contests Web 2.0 platform

Server time: Mar/24/2019 02:45:39 (d2).

Desktop version, switch to mobile version.

Supported by

User lists

Name |
---|