Here is the editorial. Please provide your feedback on each problem so that we can improve upon them the next time.

### 1670A - Prof. Slim

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.io.*;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
public class A {
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
int tc = sc.nextInt();
for (int test = 1; test <= tc; test++) {
int n = sc.nextInt();
int[] arr = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
arr[i] = sc.nextInt();
int i = 0, j = 0;
while (i < n) {
if (arr[i] < 0) {
arr[j++] *= -1;
arr[i] *= -1;
}
i++;
}
if (isSorted(arr)) {
pw.println("YES");
} else
pw.println("NO");
}
pw.flush();
}
private static boolean isSorted(int[] arr) {
for (int i = 1; i < arr.length; i++)
if (arr[i] < arr[i - 1])
return false;
return true;
}
static class Scanner {
BufferedReader br;
StringTokenizer st;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(FileReader f) {
br = new BufferedReader(f);
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
public double nextDouble() throws IOException {
return Double.parseDouble(next());
}
public int[] nextIntArr(int n) throws IOException {
int[] arr = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
arr[i] = Integer.parseInt(next());
}
return arr;
}
}
}
```

### 1670B - Dorms War

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.io.*;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
public class B{
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
int tests = sc.nextInt();
for (int test = 0; test < tests; test++) {
int n = sc.nextInt();
char[] arr = sc.next().toCharArray();
int k = sc.nextInt();
boolean[] special = new boolean[26];
for (int i = 0; i < k; i++)
special[sc.next().charAt(0) - 'a'] = true;
int idx = -1;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
if (special[arr[i] - 'a'])
idx = i;
int max=0;
for(int i=idx-1;i>=0;i--){
int j=i;
while (j>0&&!special[arr[j]-'a'])
j--;
max=Math.max(max,i+1-j);
i=j;
}
pw.println(max);
}
pw.flush();
}
public static class Scanner {
StringTokenizer st;
BufferedReader br;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(String s) throws FileNotFoundException {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(s)));
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
}
}
```

### 1670C - Where is the Pizza?

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.io.*;
import java.util.HashSet;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
public class C{
static int mod = (int) 1e9 + 7;
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
int tests = sc.nextInt();
for (int test = 0; test < tests; test++) {
int n = sc.nextInt();
int[] first = new int[n];
int[] second = new int[n];
int[] third=new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
first[i] = sc.nextInt() - 1;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
second[i] = sc.nextInt() - 1;
for(int i=0;i<n;i++)
third[i]= sc.nextInt()-1;
UnionFind uf = new UnionFind(n);
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
uf.unionSet(first[i], second[i]);
HashSet<Integer> set = new HashSet<>();
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
set.add(uf.findSet(i));
for(int i=0;i<n;i++){
if(third[i]==-1)
continue;
set.remove(uf.findSet(third[i]));
}
int pow = 0;
for (int x : set)
if (uf.sizeOfSet(x) > 1)
pow++;
int ans = 1;
for (int i = 0; i < pow; i++)
ans = (int) ((2L * ans) % mod);
pw.println(ans);
}
pw.flush();
}
public static class UnionFind {
int[] p, rank, setSize;
int numSets;
public UnionFind(int N) {
p = new int[numSets = N];
rank = new int[N];
setSize = new int[N];
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
p[i] = i;
setSize[i] = 1;
}
}
public int findSet(int i) {
return p[i] == i ? i : (p[i] = findSet(p[i]));
}
public boolean isSameSet(int i, int j) {
return findSet(i) == findSet(j);
}
public void unionSet(int i, int j) {
if (isSameSet(i, j))
return;
numSets--;
int x = findSet(i), y = findSet(j);
if (rank[x] > rank[y]) {
p[y] = x;
setSize[x] += setSize[y];
} else {
p[x] = y;
setSize[y] += setSize[x];
if (rank[x] == rank[y]) rank[y]++;
}
}
public int numDisjointSets() {
return numSets;
}
public int sizeOfSet(int i) {
return setSize[findSet(i)];
}
}
public static class Scanner {
StringTokenizer st;
BufferedReader br;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(String s) throws FileNotFoundException {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(s)));
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
}
}
```

### 1670D - Very Suspicious

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
public class D{
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
int t=sc.nextInt();
while(t-->0) {
pw.println(sol(sc.nextInt()));
}
pw.close();
}
public static int sol(int n) {
int low=0;
int high=(int)1e9;
int mid=(low+high)/2;
while(low<=high) {
if(calc(mid)<n) {
low=mid+1;
}else {
high=mid-1;
}
mid=(low+high)/2;
}
return low;
}
public static long calc(long n) {
n--;
long ans=0;
ans=(n/3)*(n/3)*3;
for (int i = 0; i <= n % 3; i++)
ans += (n / 3) * 2 + i;
return ans*2;
}
static class Scanner {
StringTokenizer st;
BufferedReader br;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(FileReader r) {
br = new BufferedReader(r);
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
public String nextLine() throws IOException {
return br.readLine();
}
public double nextDouble() throws IOException {
String x = next();
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("0");
double res = 0, f = 1;
boolean dec = false, neg = false;
int start = 0;
if (x.charAt(0) == '-') {
neg = true;
start++;
}
for (int i = start; i < x.length(); i++)
if (x.charAt(i) == '.') {
res = Long.parseLong(sb.toString());
sb = new StringBuilder("0");
dec = true;
} else {
sb.append(x.charAt(i));
if (dec)
f *= 10;
}
res += Long.parseLong(sb.toString()) / f;
return res * (neg ? -1 : 1);
}
public long[] nextlongArray(int n) throws IOException {
long[] a = new long[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
a[i] = nextLong();
return a;
}
public Long[] nextLongArray(int n) throws IOException {
Long[] a = new Long[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
a[i] = nextLong();
return a;
}
public int[] nextIntArray(int n) throws IOException {
int[] a = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
a[i] = nextInt();
return a;
}
public Integer[] nextIntegerArray(int n) throws IOException {
Integer[] a = new Integer[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)
a[i] = nextInt();
return a;
}
public boolean ready() throws IOException {
return br.ready();
}
}
static Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
static PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
}
```

### 1670E - Hemose on the Tree

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.util.*;
import java.io.*;
public class E{
static ArrayList<int[]>[] adj;
static int[] nodeval, edgeval;
static int count, N;
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
int t = sc.nextInt();
while(t-->0){
int n = sc.nextInt();
N = 1 << n;
adj = new ArrayList[N];
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
adj[i] = new ArrayList<>();
for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++) {
int u = sc.nextInt() - 1;
int v = sc.nextInt() - 1;
adj[u].add(new int[]{v, i});
adj[v].add(new int[]{u, i});
}
nodeval = new int[N];
edgeval = new int[N];
nodeval[0] = N;
count =0;
dfs(0, -1);
pw.println(1);
for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
pw.print(nodeval[i] + " ");
pw.println();
for (int i = 0; i < N - 1; i++)
pw.print(edgeval[i] + " ");
pw.println();
}
pw.close();
}
private static void dfs(int u, int p) {
for (int[] nxt : adj[u]) {
int v = nxt[0];
int idx = nxt[1];
if (v == p)
continue;
count++;
edgeval[idx] = count + ((nodeval[u] & N) != 0 ? N : 0);
nodeval[v] = count + ((nodeval[u] & N) != 0 ? 0 : N);
dfs(v, u);
}
}
static class Scanner {
BufferedReader br;
StringTokenizer st;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(FileReader f) {
br = new BufferedReader(f);
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
public double nextDouble() throws IOException {
return Double.parseDouble(next());
}
public int[] nextIntArr(int n) throws IOException {
int[] arr = new int[n];
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
arr[i] = Integer.parseInt(next());
}
return arr;
}
}
}
```

### 1670F - Jee, You See?

**Tutorial**

Tutorial is loading...

**Solution**

```
import java.io.*;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.StringTokenizer;
public class F {
static final int mod = (int) 1e9 + 7;
static int n;
static long l, r, z;
static long[][] memo;
static long[][] memo2;
public static long nCr(int n, int r) {
if (r == 0)
return 1;
if (n == 0)
return 0;
if (memo[n][r] != -1)
return memo[n][r];
return memo[n][r] = (nCr(n - 1, r) + nCr(n - 1, r - 1)) % mod;
}
public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
PrintWriter pw = new PrintWriter(System.out);
int tests = 1;
memo = new long[1001][1001];
for (long[] x : memo)
Arrays.fill(x, -1);
for (int test = 0; test < tests; test++) {
n = sc.nextInt();
l = sc.nextLong();
r = sc.nextLong();
z = sc.nextLong();
long ans = (compute(r) - compute(l - 1) + mod) % mod;
pw.println(ans);
}
pw.flush();
}
private static long compute(long val) {
memo2 = new long[61][2001];
for (long[] x : memo2)
Arrays.fill(x, -1);
return dp(60, 0, val);
}
private static long dp(int idx, int rem, long val) {
if (rem > 2000)
rem = 2000;
if (rem < 0)
return 0;
if (idx == -1)
return 1;
if (memo2[idx][rem] != -1)
return memo2[idx][rem];
long ans = 0;
int currentBitXor = (z & 1L << idx)== 0 ? 0 : 1;
for (int i = currentBitXor == 1 ? 1 : 0; i <= n; i += 2) {
int currentBitSum = (val & 1L << idx) == 0 ? 0 : 1;
int nextRem = 2 * (rem + currentBitSum - i);
long toAdd = (nCr(n, i) * dp(idx - 1, nextRem, val)) % mod;
ans = (ans + toAdd) % mod;
}
return memo2[idx][rem] = ans;
}
public static class Scanner {
StringTokenizer st;
BufferedReader br;
public Scanner(InputStream s) {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(s));
}
public Scanner(String s) throws FileNotFoundException {
br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(s)));
}
public String next() throws IOException {
while (st == null || !st.hasMoreTokens())
st = new StringTokenizer(br.readLine());
return st.nextToken();
}
public int nextInt() throws IOException {
return Integer.parseInt(next());
}
public long nextLong() throws IOException {
return Long.parseLong(next());
}
}
}
```

Feed back for C: While giving problems which require answer modulo p. Its good to provide 1 sample test where answer is greater than p so that we can understand that mod was wrong.

In this particular problem the size of the array should have been at least 30 in order to have an answer that exceeds 1e9 + 7, this seems too large for samples.

can you provide c++ solutions?

Yeah they should provide code in atleast in 2 languages , just saying . Btw they have explained the editorial very clearly ... Thanks a lot guys.

W

Cute doggy

My solution for Problem C shouldn't this give TLE because of memset, if t = 1e5?

Hacked :)

I won't lose rating right? :'(

My feedback on each problem

Apart from my stupidity on getting unnecessary wrong answers. The contest was interesting :).

A simple solution for D problem without binary search, exploiting the fact that for 3 types of lines the numbers should be as close as possible (+-1 difference)

Can someone please explain to me that why my solution is getting "time limit exceeded"? 156095877

i think you can do something faster by doing bool isspecial[27] and check for them in O(1) instead of this "if s[i] in a:"

It's still exceeding time limit : 156179910 Or did I do something wrong?

try fast io

Thanks it worked with fast io with pypy

I was facing the exact same issue. TLE on pretest 3. In fact, changing lookup to O(1) didn't fix it either.

This problem has quite a huge input (3e5 lines) and output (1e5 lines) and output (1e5 lines)

It seems it won't pass without optimizing on this level

Lookup fast io in python or pypy

Thanks for the help , it worked with fast io with pypy

For D somehow this works

I was lucky to have found a similar formula and submit during contest.

I am surprised this is not the solution used in the editorial.

Video Solutions for C,D,E

Watched your previous videos, they are really good

Thanks :) I really appreciate the feedback.

A great contest, thanks to the writers :)

I was really close to solving problem E during the contest. At first, I tried several approaches to choosing the root node, for instance, I have considered the node which is on the diameter of the tree, or the one which has the largest degree. But neither of them work.

I completely fell into the trap of this problem, since it asks to select one node as the root, and I believe that the root node must have some special properties, which should be the "key" to the final solution.

It is like 10 minutes before the end, I realized that we could always construct the tree to obtain "n" as the answer. I noticed that, except for "100..00", the other values could be divided into (n-1) pairs, (1xxx,0xxx), (1yyy,0yyy), and so on. We could always make the prefix XOR be less than or equal to "10000".

It is a pity that I didn't finish the codes before the end, but this problem is really exciting, especially that "trap". Hope that next time I could do better.

In editorial of D: In second para "Number of intersections" should be "number of intersections at center of some hexagon" as intersection on some vertex won't create any triangle

yes it is number of intersections in the middle of hexagon.

You're right, fixed.

My solution for C without using dsu https://codeforces.com/contest/1670/submission/156098315

C++ solution for C (also without DSU): 156119537

Can someone pls explain F a bit more (last line of third para "we only have to know the difference between the previous bits of X (add 1 if the current bit is on) and the sum of the generated bits.") I am unable to get it from the editorial.

thanks in advance.

I don't like the editorial for A

First it gives a claim without proof Then it has a solution that doesn't directly use this claim at all

"So let's say the number of negative elements is k. Then we must check that the first k elements are non-increasing and the remaining elements are non-decreasing." Why is it true? How does the solution use this fact?

Notice that applying the operations doesn't change number of negative elements. When sorted all the negative elements should be before all the positive elements. So if there are k negatives then we need to make the first k elements negative. For negative numbers to be sorted the absolute values must be non increasing. For positive numbers it should be non decreasing.

can anyone explain why the code for the C question is getting WA on test case 8?

https://codeforces.com/contest/1670/submission/156185766

approach: if c[i] != 0 then c[i] = a[i] or b[i], but in front, we should not count a cycle that has a[i] or b[i], because we don't have any option, for this I am storing the values that cannot count in cycles in a set container.if(a[i] == b[i]) then also I inserted a[i] in the set. and while checking for no. of connected components I am checking whether the parent of i from 1 to n does not belong in the set.

Yes I know, I made my approach messy using a set, I can use a visited array instead, but in the contest, this approach got stuck in my mind, and cannot able to change it...but I wanted to know the reason why my approach is wrong...

You're only checking the root is not in s. You need to make sure none of the children are in s as well.

ya, you are correct, thank u !!

Problem C is so much like https://codeforces.com/contest/1534/problem/C.

what's wrong with my solution for (B). It says time limit exceeded on test 35.

## include <bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std; int main() { long long t; cin>>t; while(t--) { char ch; long long arr[26]={0},n,val,max=0,ind,k,i,flg=0; cin>>n; string s; cin>>s>>k; while(k--){ cin>>ch; arr[ch-'a']=1; } for(i=0;i<n;i++) { if(arr[s[i]-'a']==1) { if(flg==0) {max=i;flg=1;} else if(i-ind>max) max=(i-ind); ind=i; } } cout<<max<<"\n"; } }

https://codeforces.com/blog/entry/102579?#comment-909927

thanks

Can someone explain how https://codeforces.com/contest/1670/submission/156198034 this solution can not pass ?

Reading input is taking lot of time. Add these lines at beginning of main.

oh I see now... thanks a lot!

For understanding what this actually does, see -is-this-fft-'s comment.

Again, such claims have to be proven

NVM. Figured it out

You can’t use the parent array directly, use the find function instead.

Yeah, just figured it out. Thanks :)

Nice round brothers, you are a source of pride <3

Can someone help me to figure out the what mistake I have done https://codeforces.com/contest/1670/submission/156213481

My logic First I clearify the string i.e if the special characters occurs more then 1 time adjacently I remove the it like "kmjjjffj" if j is special characters then my function clearify the string as kmjffj. After that I find out the max distance between the special characters.

Failing testcase: Ticket 67181670B — Dorms War I still didn't understand this problem editorial. (can't understand the solution as I don't know java) can somebody please explain that in detail.

can u please provide more explanation about (rem and nextRem) in dp function i can't see what is benefit, and thank u for the great contest Ahmed_Hosssam

problem F ,,, the real magic happens here,

[

int currentBitSum = (val & 1L << idx) == 0 ? 0 : 1;

int nextRem = 2 * (rem + currentBitSum — i);

]

can any one explain it Ahmed_Hosssam

can any one explain solution of problem d ?? i didn't understand the editorial!

Which part you did not understand?

Instead of using pen and paper, You can download a hexagonal graph paper and use sketch.io for better clarity

can someone check my solution for problem B? Im getting a TLE at 35th test case.

here is your accepted code just add this line ios::sync_with_stdio(0), cin.tie(0), cout.tie(0); it make your io operations fast as in this problem t<=10**5 which is large.

can someone help me with my solution to problem C, I'm getting TLE 156607712

here is your accepted code the modifications are the following:

max size of arrays vis and adj should be 10**5+1 not 10**5 only since you use 1-based index

don't print pow(2,k) without modulus ,instead do this

Spoiler3.the cause of TLE is that you clear adj at every test case which is very time consuming so clear only n size portion from adj

SpoilerNow I see, thank you, I really appreciate

In question 2 TLE is coming on 35th testcase. However, I have done this question in O(n).

https://codeforces.com/contest/1670/submission/157649894 is the link for the submission.

Thankyou! The first editorial in my life I have seen written in JAVA. Its helping alot.