At first, this solution is more simple than one solution i saw among the comments.

now let's see how to solve this problem.

First we know it just asks the minnium of cost. Obviously we should use DP.

Let *F*[*i*] represent the minnium of cost to create the 'A' string which has n characters.

Consider first operation, easily we know *F*[*i*] = *F*[*i* - 1] + *x*

How to deal with the second operation and third? We can consider them together!

But why? After thinking about that, we know that we use 'delete operation' when we have excess characters.

However, if we just add 'a', it is impossible to exceed.

The only reason of exceeding is we used the second operation!

After that, we can know E.G. we want aaaaa , we have aaa, so we first copy and paste(cost y), then we have aaaaaa, we have to delete one(cost x)

Particularly,

Therefore, it is an *O*(*n*^{2}) algorithm. TLE!

We can use humdrum queue to make it much faster. As a result, it is *O*(*n*)

```
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define mp make_pair
#define fi first
#define se second
#define rep(i,s,t) for(int i = s; i <= t; ++ i)
typedef long long LL;
const int MaxN = 10000050;
int N, X, Y;
LL dp[MaxN], Ans = 1LL<<61;
pair<LL,int> Q[MaxN];
int front, tail;
int main()
{
scanf("%d%d%d",&N,&X,&Y);
front = 0; tail = -1;
dp[1] = X; Q[++tail] = mp(3LL*X, 1);
rep(i,2,N)
{
while(front <= tail && Q[front].se < (int)(i/2)+(i%2)) ++ front;
dp[i] = min(dp[i-1] + X, Q[front].fi + Y - (LL)i*X);
//f(i)=min{f(i-1)+x, f(j)+2*j*x-i*x+y}
while(front <= tail && dp[i] + 2LL*i*X < Q[tail].fi) -- tail;
Q[++tail] = mp(dp[i] + 2LL*i*X, i);
}
printf("%I64d",dp[N]);
return 0;
}
```

or see my submission here.

If you have questions, just ask me :P

I am pleasure to answer.

whats a humdrum queue?

when we need to answer query about max or min, we usually use humdrum queue.

just like a queue that stores the increasing or decreasing data.

As one data only enter the queue once, it takes O(1) to get maxium or minium.

Commonly known as

deque.the elements in deque maybe are not increasing or decreasing.

can i show me some links about this humdrum queue? is it different then a priority queue? i cant seem to google it (getting some irrelevant results)

well, AKA mono-queue

I have a question: 为什么mps这么屌？