prince_of_crows's blog

By prince_of_crows, history, 5 years ago, In English

I have come to read this stackoverflow post. It basically asks this-I have a set of nodes and set of directed edges between them. The edges have no weight. How can I found minimal number of edges which has to be added to make the graph strongly connected?

This answer gives a solution to this problem

It's a really classical graph problem.

1. Run algorithm like Tarjan-SCC algorithm to find all SCCs. Consider each SCC as a new vertice, link a edge between these new vertices according to the origin graph, we can get a new graph. Obviously, the new graph is a Directed Acyclic Graph(DAG).
2. In the DAG, find all vertices whose in-degree is 0, we define them {X}; find all vertices whose out-degree is 0, we define them {Y}.
3. If DAG has only one vertice, the answer is 0; otherwise, the answer is max(|X|, |Y|).

I am not been able to prove the third point. How is the answer "max(|X|, |Y|)"? Can anyone help me?

Edit: I need this to solve this lightoj problem.

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