Virtual contest is a way to take part in past contest, as close as possible to participation on time. It is supported only ACM-ICPC mode for virtual contests.
If you've seen these problems, a virtual contest is not for you - solve these problems in the archive.
If you just want to solve some problem from a contest, a virtual contest is not for you - solve this problem in the archive.
Never use someone else's code, read the tutorials or communicate with other person during a virtual contest.

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F. Write The Contest

time limit per test

2 secondsmemory limit per test

256 megabytesinput

standard inputoutput

standard outputPolycarp, Arkady's friend, prepares to the programming competition and decides to write a contest. The contest consists of $$$n$$$ problems and lasts for $$$T$$$ minutes. Each of the problems is defined by two positive integers $$$a_i$$$ and $$$p_i$$$ — its difficulty and the score awarded by its solution.

Polycarp's experience suggests that his skill level is defined with positive real value $$$s$$$, and initially $$$s=1.0$$$. To solve the $$$i$$$-th problem Polycarp needs $$$a_i/s$$$ minutes.

Polycarp loves to watch series, and before solving each of the problems he will definitely watch one episode. After Polycarp watches an episode, his skill decreases by $$$10\%$$$, that is skill level $$$s$$$ decreases to $$$0.9s$$$. Each episode takes exactly $$$10$$$ minutes to watch. When Polycarp decides to solve some problem, he firstly has to watch one episode, and only then he starts solving the problem without breaks for $$$a_i/s$$$ minutes, where $$$s$$$ is his current skill level. In calculation of $$$a_i/s$$$ no rounding is performed, only division of integer value $$$a_i$$$ by real value $$$s$$$ happens.

Also, Polycarp can train for some time. If he trains for $$$t$$$ minutes, he increases his skill by $$$C \cdot t$$$, where $$$C$$$ is some given positive real constant. Polycarp can train only before solving any problem (and before watching series). Duration of the training can be arbitrary real value.

Polycarp is interested: what is the largest score he can get in the contest? It is allowed to solve problems in any order, while training is only allowed before solving the first problem.

Input

The first line contains one integer $$$tc$$$ ($$$1 \le tc \le 20$$$) — the number of test cases. Then $$$tc$$$ test cases follow.

The first line of each test contains one integer $$$n$$$ ($$$1 \le n \le 100$$$) — the number of problems in the contest.

The second line of the test contains two real values $$$C, T$$$ ($$$0 < C < 10$$$, $$$0 \le T \le 2 \cdot 10^5$$$), where $$$C$$$ defines the efficiency of the training and $$$T$$$ is the duration of the contest in minutes. Value $$$C, T$$$ are given exactly with three digits after the decimal point.

Each of the next $$$n$$$ lines of the test contain characteristics of the corresponding problem: two integers $$$a_i, p_i$$$ ($$$1 \le a_i \le 10^4$$$, $$$1 \le p_i \le 10$$$) — the difficulty and the score of the problem.

It is guaranteed that the value of $$$T$$$ is such that changing it by the $$$0.001$$$ in any direction will not change the test answer.

Please note that in hacks you can only use $$$tc = 1$$$.

Output

Print $$$tc$$$ integers — the maximum possible score in each test case.

Examples

Input

2

4

1.000 31.000

12 3

20 6

30 1

5 1

3

1.000 30.000

1 10

10 10

20 8

Output

7

20

Note

In the first example, Polycarp can get score of $$$7$$$ as follows:

- Firstly he trains for $$$4$$$ minutes, increasing $$$s$$$ to the value of $$$5$$$;
- Then he decides to solve $$$4$$$-th problem: he watches one episode in $$$10$$$ minutes, his skill level decreases to $$$s=5*0.9=4.5$$$ and then he solves the problem in $$$5/s=5/4.5$$$, which is roughly $$$1.111$$$ minutes;
- Finally, he decides to solve $$$2$$$-nd problem: he watches one episode in $$$10$$$ minutes, his skill level decreases to $$$s=4.5*0.9=4.05$$$ and then he solves the problem in $$$20/s=20/4.05$$$, which is roughly $$$4.938$$$ minutes.

This way, Polycarp uses roughly $$$4+10+1.111+10+4.938=30.049$$$ minutes, to get score of $$$7$$$ points. It is not possible to achieve larger score in $$$31$$$ minutes.

In the second example, Polycarp can get $$$20$$$ points as follows:

- Firstly he trains for $$$4$$$ minutes, increasing $$$s$$$ to the value of $$$5$$$;
- Then he decides to solve $$$1$$$-st problem: he watches one episode in $$$10$$$ minutes, his skill decreases to $$$s=5*0.9=4.5$$$ and then he solves problem in $$$1/s=1/4.5$$$, which is roughly $$$0.222$$$ minutes.
- Finally, he decides to solve $$$2$$$-nd problem: he watches one episode in $$$10$$$ minutes, his skill decreases to $$$s=4.5*0.9=4.05$$$ and then he solves the problem in $$$10/s=10/4.05$$$, which is roughly $$$2.469$$$ minutes.

This way, Polycarp gets score of $$$20$$$ in $$$4+10+0.222+10+2.469=26.691$$$ minutes. It is not possible to achieve larger score in $$$30$$$ minutes.

Codeforces (c) Copyright 2010-2019 Mike Mirzayanov

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